The forex (foreign exchange) market is the largest and most active financial market in the world, with around US$5 trillion traded every day. A bear market is a period when stock prices are generally falling. They do this with commodities, foreign exchange futures contracts, and other derivatives. The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, 24 October, 2012. As the value of one currency rises or falls against […] Falling interest rates can stimulate economic growth. However, a great deal depends on the public’s reaction to the disease. In March 2020, U.S. lawmakers agreed on the passage of a $2 trillion stimulus bill called the CARES (Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security) Act to blunt the impact of an economic … If investors are confident, they will buy stocks, stock mutual funds, or stock options.Some experts believe markets predict what the savviest investors think the economy will be doing in about six months. The stock market is an excellent economic indicator for the U.S. economy. Stock markets are one of the factors that affect the economy, but there are others as well. Consumer spending and business investment slows down, which reduces economic growth. Financial markets create an open and regulated system for companies to acquire large amounts of capital. A bull market and a bear market are terms used to describe the general market trends. Q4: How does the economic slowdown impact financial markets? "The Feedback Effect: How the Financial Markets Affect Decisions in the ‘Real Economy’." Markets also allow these businesses to offset risk. Economic Depression Economic Depression An economic depression is an occurrence wherein an economy is in a state of financial turmoil, often the result of a period of negative activity based on the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rate. Knowledge@Wharton.   This is done through the stock and bond markets. COVID-19 could affect the global economy in three main ways: by directly affecting production, by creating supply chain and market disruption, and by its financial impact on firms and financial markets. A bull market is a period during which stock prices are generally rising. Each of these markets is fueled by investors' perceptions of where the economy and the market are going. Functions of Financial Markets . As a result, the stock and bond markets have entered a period of extreme volatility, leaving investors to wonder: What does COVID-19 mean for the global markets and economy? It is a lot worse than a recession, with GDP falling significantly, and usually lasts for many years. Impact Thus Far Fiscal policy decisions also can affect the economy. 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